Health Supportive Behavior in Adults: Prevention in Dental Care and Its Correlates

This study presents partial results of an extensive research project called Health-Enhancing and Health-Threatening Behaviour: Determinants, Models, and Consequences (GA13-19808S). The aim of the research is to map behavioural components related to dental health in adults and link them to selected personality traits and other aspects of health related behaviour. The research sample consisted of 1121 respondents (69% women) between twenty and sixty years of age (m = 33.9, SD = 11.95). A majority of the research group stated that they went to regular preventive check-ups (78%) as well as dental preventive examinations (44% twice a year, 38% once a year). Seventy-nine (79) percent of the respondents reported regular dental hygiene (brushing teeth twice a day). A larger extent of health-supportive behaviour was reported by women, both with respect to general preventive check-ups and dental preventive examinations and regular dental hygiene. Furthermore, differences have been observed between people in young adulthood and the elderly as far as both general and dental preventive check-ups were concerned. In both cases young adults reported going to a lower number of check-ups. Dental health supportive behaviour related to other aspects of health-supportive behaviour, such as observation of the principles of healthy diet and a regular daily regime. Finally, an expected, yet rather weak relation (partial ε2 = 0.014) between the frequency of stomatological check-ups and the stability dimension measured by Gordon Personal Profile-Inventory was also found. Respondents who have preventive check-ups twice a year reach higher responsibility values than those with a lower frequency of check-ups.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology and Perceptions of Help-Seeking Behavior in Veterans

Previous research has shown that veterans with higher levels of distress are less likely to seek support. Distress and reluctance regarding help seeking present formidable barriers to veteran health and wellness. The present study examined the effects of PTSD symptomatology on the perception of help-seeking behavior in a convenience sample of veterans (n = 37). Participants were recruited through professional networks and online social networking and were asked to complete an anonymous survey. The survey utilized the PCL-M to measure levels of PTSD, the Gallops Revised Combat Scale to measure combat exposure, and a series of vignettes to measure the perception of PTSD treatment necessity and deservingness. Findings suggest that veterans with higher levels of PTSD symptomatology endorse less PTSD treatment necessity and deservingness for other veterans. As a result, veterans with high levels of PTSD symptoms may be more isolated, less willing or able to access services and at increased risk following military service or deployment.

Physical Inactivity as a Pervasive Risk Factor

Physical inactivity is a significant risk factor for the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer. It is hypothesized that physical inactivity may fit the framework of a behavioral addiction and that chronic physical inactivity may be consistent with biological adaptation and expectation in human behavior. It is presented in the perspective of similar behavioral addiction paradigms and is related to the existing understanding of interventions used to address behavioral addictions. Given what is known about the health risks of physical inactivity, its prevalence worldwide, and the lack of progress to change this behavior at a population level, innovative perspectives are required to consider new population-based paradigms to change the behavior of the sedentary public. The hypothesis that chronic physical inactivity is a complex behavioral issue complicated by physiological resistance to change is presented to stimulate new thinking regarding interventional approaches.